Gardening is a basic way to generate food for your family and to also give you the chance to exercise muscles and spend quality time outdoors. Selecting the location of your garden is the most important factor to consider and it is influenced by quite a number of factors. Before deciding the location of the garden, follow up the light patterns in the area under consideration because some plants require a minimum of six hours of sunlight to germinate while other plants do well under a shade. The northern part of the house is less suitable because in most scenarios it has a number of buildings that may block sunlight from getting to the garden. It is usually busy with activities such as children playing and they may trample the garden.
This part of the homestead may have a garage and a lot going on to support a garden. Soil on the front side of the house is likely to be less fertile and more prone to contamination compared to other sides of the home. The southern side is most suitable for a garden because the is the side of the house that has the least activity going on. When selecting a site for a garden, consider the side of the house that receives light during morning hours. This is to ensure that the six hours of sun that plants will receive are comprised of not so harsh sunlight that may cause dehydration of crops and wilting. Consider the type of plants you choose for your garden as they influence what site the garden will be.
Choose a level location that won’t be subject to soil erosion and is also easy to till. Take a picture of the site then draw a map of the desired garden based on the picture you have taken. Your garden’s location should have loose soil that is rich in all the nutrients your plants will need plus a food pH. This garden should have a good drainage system to avoid stagnation of rain water on the garden that may lead to over absorption by crops. Soil should be loose, easy to till and have good air circulation to support photosynthesis. Consider the size of garden you require and the space available to establish a garden before setting out to plant. Check out for plumbing and wiring systems on the site you want to establish your garden before tilling the land.
Plant rows to run in a North to South direction with the shorter plantation facing the side that receives maximum sunlight and the taller crops behind them. Wrongful placement of herbs according to their size will limit the amount of sunlight the short seedlings receive if they are covered with the shade of taller seedlings. The East or West side is considered for gardening depending on the direction of the sun towards that area. There should be a nearby source of water to make it easy when you want to water your garden. Select a place that is far from dumpsters for inorganic materials that can degrade soil in your garden. Having your garden strategical placed next to a compost pit is not a bad idea as this makes it easy to transfer compost manure onto your garden to enrich it.
You can place your garden on the side of the house with easy access to where gardening tools and equipment are stored to help reduce labour. A vegetable garden does best when it faces southwards where it can receive the largest amount of sun as the sun passes throughout during the day. For a flower garden, it does best facing northwards as it makes the homestead look attractive to visitors and strangers. Your garden is not to be so near the house or around the house to provide a proper drainage around the house. It should be a few meters away from the house preferably on the backside rather than the front part of the house with a good circulation system and adequate light. Although if you are planning to cultivate shade loving crops only, a northern garden is recommended since it will be exposed to little light throughout the day due to shade provided by the house or nearby buildings. Pepper and lettuce are an example of vegetables that need little sunshine to grow and you can plant these on a strip in front of the house.
Your garden shouldn’t be too far away from the house to give you easy access, and it can be conveniently placed to enable vehicles reach your garden in the case of importing manure. You might need to observe the area you have chosen for your garden to get the amount of sun it receives in a day. This could be helpful in deciding which vegetables to plant on what side of your garden depending on their shade and light requirements. Your garden may be slightly slanted but not too sloppy to minimize erosion. A slightly slanted garden receives the most adequate amount of sunshine evenly compared to a level garden which may have shading in several parts. In the beginning, start small with the lite space available then expand your garden as time goes by. Be free to experiment and find out which herbs grow best in what area of the house and under which conditions.
Keep a record of crops you grow yearly as this helps you find out mistakes that you may correct in the following season. A southern garden is therefore highly recommended but if there is limited space southwards, you can always plant on the east or the west side of the house depending on the sunrise. Further research could be helpful to find out under which conditions certain vegetables do best. Finding out growth requirements for specific seeds will help you plan out their cultivation. Create time out of your schedule for some garden work to ensure production of healthy yields from your garden. Invest in good quality metal equipment for a good gardening experience. You can put a barrier around your garden to avoid invasion by small animals and children playing.