Food is important when it comes to growth and survival. There are many ways of accessing food which include purchasing from convenience stores, groceries, supermarkets or even choosing to grow your food crops. When it comes to growing food crops, you can either opt for small or large-scale farming. Most households practice small-scale farming due to either lack of resources needed to indulge in large-scale farming such as land or due to convenience of small-scale farming. Survival gardens fall under small-scale farming, and they may be found in many households irrespective of their social status.
These are not the typical gardens that can be found in the backyard of a house containing a variety of houseplants. They rather consist of crops enough for the household in not only times of need but at any given time. A survival garden usually consists of crops that take a short time to mature and bring forth yield for consumption. These crops should also be able to provide enough nutrients and calories resulting in a balanced diet for the family. The good thing abut having a survival garden is that it saves you the money you would have used to purchase food from the market.
The obtained from your garden is also way healthier compared to food purchased from a store since its fresh and has undergone less handling and processing. Survival gardens are simple to construct contrary to popular opinion so long as you are willing to try it out. Such a set up will save you several trips you would make going to the grocery store and your time too. You can plant vegetables and fruits alongside your legumes and cereals and this will result in having a variety to choose from at the comfort of your home.
Having a survival garden will ensure that you have a prolonged supply of food without having to spend an extra dime. Survival gardens enable those families that are not well off to easily cater for their basic needs making them food secure households. Through gardening, you can spend more time outdoors breathing fresh air and it gives you the chance to exercise your muscles. To have positive outcomes in gardening, it is best if you start small planting one or two types of produce at a time before introducing other food types. Successful gardening needs a lot of patience and hard work because you cannot become a successful gardener overnight.
The process of garden involves selecting seeds, tilling the garden planning your desired layout, sowing the seeds or herbs, adding fertilizer to your plants, harvesting at the appropriate time and choosing the appropriate preservation method. Planning the layout of your garden is the first essential factor you need to consider before selecting a favorable seed type. In this case they are the open pollinated seeds since they allow the gardener to save seeds that may become of use in the next season or even be traded in the marketplace. Since a survival garden is primarily meant to come in handy when there are no other alternatives, it is best for the gardener to plan ahead and consider both perennials and annuals.
The gardener should plant the seeds in excess to allow room for those which might fail to grow to maturity and those plants which will be lost during the process of harvesting and storage. It is important to incorporate plants that do well under the sun and those that thrive well in the shade. Diversity in all kinds of way is essential in planning out your garden as this will ensure all your nutritional needs are met in every way. The size of your survival garden will depend on factors such as the number of children in the household plants you wish to grow, your experience in the gardening sector, the biological composition of the soil in your garden the kind of seedlings and herbs you wish to cultivate and the time you have available to perform gardening activities.
A suitable garden may be between a quarter an acre and can go up to two acres depending on your family needs and your personal preferences. For successful gardening, the size of your garden does not necessarily matter since smaller gardens can give forth higher yields depending on the soil type of your garden. An added advantage is having raised beds and containers as they are easier to maintain and can give forth better yield because they are less exposed to crawling pests and other harmful microorganisms. Some vegetables to grow in your garden are those that you would usually buy from the marketplace therefore providing an alternative at home.
As time goes by, you can then add other vegetables that you don’t usually buy but are of high nutritional value. This is because a suitable vegetable garden is one that meets the family’s nutritional needs while providing a great dining experience too. It is best to grow vegetables that your family likes to eat since it won’t make sense to grow foods you won’t likely eat. On what to grow, it’s better to start with the vegetables that are easy to grow and require little time and then progress to herbs which require more time to cultivate as your expertise grows.
This is because when you start with the simple herbs, your experience gives you the expertise to handle the more complex herbs. The easy to grow produce includes carrots, lettuce, peas, potatoes, zucchini, sunflowers and beans, Others include onions, cabbages, turnips, garlic, leeks and winter squash. Duration of storage will depend on the types of produce after harvest and the method of preservation that may range from, sun drying, smoking, freezing and canning. Perennials to be planted along the easy to grow produce include blueberries, asparagus, rhubarb, nettle, fruit and nut trees.
Herbal products can be planted in containers because they require little space to grow. Some include lemons, rosemary, sage, thyme, mint and chives. Edible flowers to be added include marigold and calendula and to have a garden that meets all your nutritional requirements, you’ll need to incorporate most of the above produce.