Gardening is one easy way of generating food for domestic use. A garden can be easily maintained by people from both high and low social classes. There are basic gardening tips that anyone can follow to come up with a productive garden at home. The size of a garden does not predict the amount of yield it will give since this is determined by how the garden is tended to. An important step to consider when starting a small garden is the decision on what to grow. It is important to grow vegetables and fruits that you and your family love to eat rather than growing just anything on your garden, though some flowers can be planted alongside what is grown for consumption.
A good location for your garden is important consider and this will depend on the types of plants you intend to grow. Some plants grow well under shades while some depend on sunshine for photosynthesis and this makes it important to choose an area that is evenly shaded with enough access to sunlight. Choose a location that is less exposed to factors such as visits from wild animals and strays or locations near playgrounds which will result in the plants being trampled on. You can place a boundary around your gardening area for maximum protection from external threats.
Once you have picked a suitable location for your garden, you can decide on what layout it will take to maximize production or for easy access. Preparing garden beds is preferable compared to planting rows since this maximizes the growing area and minimizes waste land. The garden beds should not be too wide to enable you to reach the center of the garden from both sides of it without stepping on it. You can opt to plant some seeds in containers and grow your seedlings before transferring them on to your garden area instead of buying seedlings and this helps to minimize cost of production. Purchase good quality gardening equipment from your local hardware and avoid buying plastic tools as they are less durable.
After purchasing the necessary tools required to assist you in gardening, test the soil to determine if it is either clay, loam, sand or a combination of the three because different crops grow well in different soil types. You should also try to determine if the soil pH because this affects the nutrition content of your crops. It is good to enrich your soil with manure and fertilizer to help increase yield of your crops. Plant crops according to the season that favors their growth as some crops do well in called weather while others thrive best in hot weather conditions. Always ensure that the soil is neither too dry nor too soggy since dry soil can’t support plant growth while soggy soil might cause spoilage of certain plants.
Be careful when choosing seeds or seedlings for your garden and make sure to find out which plants grow best as seedlings and those that thrive best from their seeds. Good quality seeds are less prone to attacks from moles and pests resulting in healthy products that will provide good nutrition to you and your family. It is important to start small with those easy to grow vegetables before progressing to vegetables which are more complex to grow. Start with seeds and seedlings that have short maturation period and as time goes by you gain experience which you will use to nurture more complicated herbs. Plan your time well to ensure you set aside enough time to tend to your garden since a productive garden is a result of tender loving care.
Have a variety of perennials and annuals in your garden as this helps in improving the fertility of the soil. Apply pesticides and insecticides from time to time to keep the leaves healthy and safe from pests. Consider planting methods since some transplants need to be planted deep into the ground while others do well near the surface due to photosynthesis. Harvest when the time is right or when you feel the maturation of the vegetable has become adequate for your consumption. Store the produce properly through various preservation methods such as sun drying, smoking, canning or salting. A garden is easy to start and maintain anyone once you follow all the simple tips and keep learning on the way as you continue to grow your produce.