A healthy garden equals to good and bountiful produce for you and your family and this is why time should be taken to properly tend to your garden. Although time only is not adequate to ensure that the garden is healthy since other factors should be considered. General health of your garden is influenced by the weather, the type and amount of crops planted at a particular time. Type of manure and fertilizer you apply to your garden and breathing time of the garden after harvest affect its health too. The first important step is to keenly examine seeds or seedlings you want to plant before buying them, check to ensure they are healthy to avoid introducing a disease or pest into your garden.
Use fully composted waste rather than half decomposed waste to avoid transmission of harmful microorganisms onto your crops. Till the garden regularly to allow good aeration through the soil and even distribution of minerals in the soil. The third step is to spray your plants with insecticides to keep off insects that may be carriers of harmful pathogens to your crops. Though you should not over-spray since it is harmful to the plant leaves and can cause food poisoning. After harvest during the dry season, clear the land of any remaining crop parts and thoroughly prepare the land for a new planting season since some plant remnants end up being disease carriers the may lead to low yields.
Applying the correct fertilizer is also a good way of keeping your garden in good condition. Try to find out what fertilizer is best for which plant type and at what stage of maturation you should apply the fertilizer. You must however avoid using too much fertilizer to avoid food poisoning and degradation of the soil quality. It is also important to find out about pest resistant plants and grow them in your garden to reduce the rate of exposure to pests and diseases. Weeding is another way of ensuring your garden is healthy through uprooting of broken stems since they are carriers of pathogens and pruning of unhealthy branches.
Choose plants that are appropriate for how your garden is situated because some plants thrive well in the shade while others require sunlight for photosynthesis. Planting under the wrong conditions will result in low yields or unhealthy crops that are more prone to infections and attacks from pests. It is important to find out the growth requirements of each seedling before putting it in your garden and this helps you put those that require a shade under a shade and those that require light under the sunlight.
Water your seedlings properly to prevent them from dehydration that can lead to under-nutrition but avoid excessive watering since this promotes rotting of some plant roots. Lastly, do not congest plants in one area, space them out evenly as this allows them to easily draw nutrients from around them without creating competition that would come from crowding them. Evenly spacing out vegetables or fruits and herbs allows gives the roots enough space to spread and grow to full maturation.